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通信杆路測量

通信杆路測量

日期:2022-06-24 18:21
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摘要:<p style="margin-top:10px;margin-bottom:0px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;text-align:justify;widows:1;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;color:#E53333;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;font-weight:700;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;word-wrap:break-word !important;">通信杆路測量:</span></span> </p> <p style="margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:0px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;text-align:justify;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;">通信架空線路是通信傳輸不可或缺的組成部分,新杆路的設計建設、舊杆路的維護均需要進行相關測量工作,如杆距、杆路與交通線距離、杆高等。</span> </p> <p style="margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;text-align:justify;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;">歐尼卡360AS和图柏斯TruPulse360系列的激光<a href="http:/pdlistone/productlist/index.html" class="keyword_inherit" name="keyword_inherit" target="_blank" style="box-sizing:border-box;background-color:transparent;text-decoration-line:none;outline:none;font-size:inherit !important;">測距儀</a>的空間任意兩點測跨距(ML)功能非常適合杆距及杆路與周邊物體距離的測量工作,如右圖所標,只需分別瞄准兩杆上任一點觸發激光測量,即可得到杆距(HD),兩標測量點的高差(VD)也會同時獲取。</span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><img src="https://zt.yzimgs.com/ComFolder/32879/image/201901/201901181513714171.jpg" alt="" />&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;<img src="https://zt.yzimgs.com/ComFolder/32879/image/201901/201901181513718481.jpg" alt="" /><br /> </span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;"> <p style="margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;text-align:justify;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:24px;">Onick(歐尼卡) 360AS激光測距儀中的三點測高(HT)功能,可測量線杆高度的同時,還可以快速測量杆上不同安裝節點的高度,從而得出各安裝節點間的距離,爲添加新設備、舊設備維護、更換線杆提供參考數據。</span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;"></span></span> </p> <p style="box-sizing:border-box;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;color:#444444;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;white-space:normal;background-color:#FFFFFF;"> <br /> </p> <p style="box-sizing:border-box;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;color:#444444;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;white-space:normal;background-color:#FFFFFF;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:16px;color:#E53333;"><span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-weight:700;"></span></span> </p> <p style="text-align:left;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:0px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;widows:1;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-weight:700;"><span style="margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;box-sizing:border-box !important;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;color:#E53333;word-wrap:break-word !important;">天線高度測量:</span></span></span> </p> <p style="text-align:left;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:0px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;widows:1;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-weight:700;"><span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;color:#E53333;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><span style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#333333;font-size:16px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;">天線高度*嚴格的定義是天線底部到覆蓋的移動台高度的差值。一般取天線底部到用戶地面值作爲天線高度。</span></span></span> </p> <div style="text-align:left;box-sizing:border-box;color:#444444;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;white-space:normal;background-color:#FFFFFF;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;font-size:16px;letter-spacing:0.544px;text-indent:2em;">天線高度直接與基站的覆蓋範圍有關。其影響主要有以下幾個方面:話務不均衡。基站天線過高,會使該基站的覆蓋範圍過大,從造成該基站的話務量很大,而與之相鄰的基站由于覆蓋較小且被基站覆蓋,話務量較小,不能發揮應有作用,導致話務不均衡;系統內幹擾。基站天線過高,會造成越站無線信號幹擾,引起掉話、串話和有較大雜音等現象,從而導致整個無線通信網絡的質量下降。孤島效應。所以天線高度是基站猶爲重要的參數。</span> </div> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#444444;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;white-space:normal;background-color:#FFFFFF;font-size:16px;"> <div style="text-align:left;box-sizing:border-box;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;letter-spacing:0.544px;text-indent:2em;">天線高度=底座高度(建築物/山)+天線挂高(抱杆/杆塔/鐵塔高度)</span> </div> </span><span style="box-sizing:border-box;color:#444444;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;white-space:normal;background-color:#FFFFFF;font-size:16px;"> <div style="text-align:left;box-sizing:border-box;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box;letter-spacing:0.544px;text-indent:2em;">激光測距測高儀因其強大的測高功能,目前已廣泛應用于基站建設及維護工作中。</span> </div> </span><img src="https://zt.yzimgs.com/ComFolder/32879/image/201901/201901181513810231.jpg" alt="" /><br /> </span> </p> <p style="text-align:left;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><span style="color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:15px;letter-spacing:0.544px;text-align:justify;text-indent:34px;white-space:normal;widows:1;background-color:#FFFFFF;">歐尼卡激光測距儀产品可以有多种测高方式:单点测垂直高、两点测高、三点测高及两点二维测跨距;可适应各种测量环境,不受站位的影响轻松完成高度测量。特别是图柏斯特有的两点二维测跨距(ML)功能,只分别瞄准地面、天线底部进行激光射击测量,就可实时得到天线高度值,简单快速,无需人工加减计算。</span><br /> </span> </p> <p style="text-align:center;margin-top:0px;margin-bottom:10px;font-variant-numeric:normal;font-variant-east-asian:normal;white-space:normal;padding:0px;max-width:100%;clear:both;min-height:1em;color:#333333;font-family:-apple-system-font, BlinkMacSystemFont, &quot;Helvetica Neue&quot;, &quot;PingFang SC&quot;, &quot;Hiragino Sans GB&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei UI&quot;, &quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;, Arial, sans-serif;font-size:17px;letter-spacing:0.544px;line-height:27.2px;widows:1;text-indent:2em;background-color:#FFFFFF;box-sizing:border-box !important;"> <span style="box-sizing:border-box !important;margin:0px;padding:0px;max-width:100%;font-size:15px;font-family:&quot;Microsoft YaHei&quot;;word-wrap:break-word !important;"><br /> </span> </p>

通信杆路測量:

通信架空線路是通信傳輸不可或缺的組成部分,新杆路的設計建設、舊杆路的維護均需要進行相關測量工作,如杆距、杆路與交通線距離、杆高等。

歐尼卡360AS和图柏斯TruPulse360系列的激光測距儀的空間任意兩點測跨距(ML)功能非常適合杆距及杆路與周邊物體距離的測量工作,如右圖所標,只需分別瞄准兩杆上任一點觸發激光測量,即可得到杆距(HD),兩標測量點的高差(VD)也會同時獲取。

                    

Onick(歐尼卡) 360AS激光測距儀中的三點測高(HT)功能,可測量線杆高度的同時,還可以快速測量杆上不同安裝節點的高度,從而得出各安裝節點間的距離,爲添加新設備、舊設備維護、更換線杆提供參考數據。


天線高度測量:

天線高度*嚴格的定義是天線底部到覆蓋的移動台高度的差值。一般取天線底部到用戶地面值作爲天線高度。

天線高度直接與基站的覆蓋範圍有關。其影響主要有以下幾個方面:話務不均衡。基站天線過高,會使該基站的覆蓋範圍過大,從造成該基站的話務量很大,而與之相鄰的基站由于覆蓋較小且被基站覆蓋,話務量較小,不能發揮應有作用,導致話務不均衡;系統內幹擾。基站天線過高,會造成越站無線信號幹擾,引起掉話、串話和有較大雜音等現象,從而導致整個無線通信網絡的質量下降。孤島效應。所以天線高度是基站猶爲重要的參數。
天線高度=底座高度(建築物/山)+天線挂高(抱杆/杆塔/鐵塔高度)
激光測距測高儀因其強大的測高功能,目前已廣泛應用于基站建設及維護工作中。

歐尼卡激光測距儀产品可以有多种测高方式:单点测垂直高、两点测高、三点测高及两点二维测跨距;可适应各种测量环境,不受站位的影响轻松完成高度测量。特别是图柏斯特有的两点二维测跨距(ML)功能,只分别瞄准地面、天线底部进行激光射击测量,就可实时得到天线高度值,简单快速,无需人工加减计算。


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